Caption: Board of Trustees Minutes - 1874
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Report of the
ENGINEERING.—lioad Engineering.—Location and construction of Roads and Railroads: Grades »' Gauges ; Tunnels, etc. Resistance of Materials.—Elasticity ; Safe Limits; Shearing Stress; Flexure and Strength of Beams and Columns ; Practical Formula;. Trusses.—Analysis of a variety of Roofs and Frames, with methods of obtaining the strains. Bridge Construction.—Warren's, Howe's, and other Trusses; Tubular and Suspension Bridges; Arches, etc. Stone Work.—Stone; Limes and Mortars ; Foundations, etc.
are required to be kept by each student during his second and third vacations. They must be written as often as once a week, and will contain accounts of his travels and occupations, with special reference to matters pertaining to his chosen profession, and general attention to ail scientific and industrial facts. They will be presented during the Fall terms, read before the class, interesting facts discussed, and marked and credited as studies of the course. It is recommended that students employ their vacations in engineering practice. To facilitate this important part of their preparation, students of creditable standing at the ends of the second and third years of their courses, can obtain certificates to this effect from the professor in charge. Projects and Vacation Memoirs.—During the Spring Term of the second year, an accurate topographical survey of a locality is made by the class, and instruction given in the use of the level, preparatory to a project in Kailroad Engineering, which is executed in the Fall Term of the next year. The Plane-table is used as in the XL S. Surveys. The project consists of a preliminary survey, locations, drawings and estimates. The Preliminary survey will consist in an examination of the locality, and in running tangent lines, with leveling and topographical sketching. The Location will consist in running the line over the route decided upon, with all the necessary measurements and calculations for establishing the grade, setting slope stakes, determining the amount of earthwork, designing the buildings, bridges, culverts, etc. The Drawings will include Alignment, Profile, Plans, and Sections. The estimates will give the cost of ground, earth-work, structures, rolling stock, etc. A Memoir will be required at the opening of the fourth year upon an allowed subject, and a Project in Engineering construction will be executed during the year. See also "Thesis," page 27.
VACATION JOURNALS.—Journals APPARATUS.
The school is provided with both English and American instruments for the different branches of engineering practice, and for the astronomical work of higher surveying. It has numerous models for illustration of its specialties, and access to the cabinets of the other schools. To facilitate the practice in trigonometrical and land surveying, it has a specially prepared area, in which the difficulties of plane surveying are presented to the beginner as he is able to meet them, and where he is taught practical methods of overcoming them. This area is subdivided by a large number of lines, the position of which are accurately known, but not by the student. He is then required to determine the positions of the " corners v by various methods, and to calculate the enclosed areas. Other problems are given in determining inaccessible distances,